similarities between eastern and western philosophy

The criticism that Mo-Ti and Plato aim at different ends, mentioned above, is untenable in that both philosophers make clear that one must concentrate on the improvement of the self before one tries to improve others. Last modified January 17, 2016. The East and The West took different approaches to gaining knowledge and understanding reality. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Given such radicaldifferences, they argue, there can be no cross-traditional reference toa common subject matter and to a truth about that subject matter thatis independent of the basic conceptual vocabulary and theories andjustificatory practices of a particular tr… As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is … Bibliography The infant cries to let an adult know that it must be fed, and the child verbalizes that same need in words or deeds, such as saying, "I am hungry," or going to get something to eat. Free essay sample on the given topic "Why Do You Want To Become A Pharmacist?". In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. Free essay sample on the given topic "Sweet Memories Of My Childhood". The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. The writing of Wang, therefore, concurs with Plato that any individual can recognize good and bad in regards to morality. These are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy. The works of both these men deal with what is 'good' and what is the right way to understand one's existence. A Comparison of Western and Islamic Conceptions of Happiness ... it considered to be a central ingredient of eudaimonia in ancient western philosophy. 20 Dec 2020. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. In this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters. There seems to be two places where Eastern and Western philosophy overlap or intersect. Free essay sample on the given topic "History Of Newspaper". There is no difference in their fundamental ideas. Epictetus, on the other hand, says “It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances.” These statements are basically similar but only different words used. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. Hire EssayBasics to Write Your Assignment, 5963 Corson Ave S 176, Seattle, WA 98108 USA, Advantages Of Studying Locally (Essay Sample), Sweet Memories Of My Childhood (Essay Sample), Effects Of The Russian Revolution (Essay Sample), Why Do You Want To Become A Pharmacist? Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibly. The two philosophers agree on the matter that a person must know what is good for them to pursue the good. Just as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be good. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Free essay sample on the given topic "Magical Realism In Literature". Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?" Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. This includes art from Africa, the Middle East, South America, East and Southeast Asia, and so on. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. The fundamental purpose of philosophy is to find meaning in one's life and purpose to one's path, and there is no major difference between eastern and western philosophy according to that understanding. Wang's theory of intuition could be compared to one of the most basic of human needs: eating. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Even though we can find many fundamental differences between all things Western and all things Eastern, "essentializing" Eastern philosophy, and therefore the "Eastern" people, as if they were one big block with a similar intellectual foundation, seems to me to be a remnant of Orientalism and doesn't correspond to reality. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. This paper aims to examine the ideas of one eastern and one western philosopher – Confucius and Socrates respectively and compare the two for similarities and differences. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. The love of wisdom knows no separate region; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. From the above illustrations of eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the fundamental ideas addressed are similar. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is ‘fragmentary’ while eastern philosophy is ‘holistic’. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Free essay sample on the given topic "Dream Family". The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Fill out the order form step-by-step. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & … Ancient History Encyclopedia. However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual respectively. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Wanhyo states that “Thinking makes good and bad.” He implies that if you think something is ‘good’ then it is good for you and vice versa. Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. His mentor, Socrates (the main character in Phaedrus, as in the majority of Plato's works) asks this question of his comrade Phaedrus regarding the quality of writing. Emily Mark studied history and philosophy at Tianjin University, China and English at SUNY New Paltz, NY. EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Further illustration of the above philosophies by Plato and Wang points out the similarity. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. A. C. Das. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Mark, E. (2016, January 17). Related Content The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of Ray Billington - 1997 - Routledge. The Individual. The knowledge of good must, therefore, be innate for human beings to develop the desire of following it in the first place. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophist Teng Shih (6th century BCE) and the Greek sophist Protagoras (5th century BCE) are almost identical. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." (Essay Sample), Role Of Technology In Economic Development (Essay Sample), American Psycho (An Analysis Essay Sample), Teamwork And Collaboration In Nursing (Essay Sample), Magical Realism In Literature (Essay Sample). They also deal with beliefs. Free essay sample on the given topic "Role Of Technology In Economic Development". Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related … THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The recognition of hunger is an innate human quality which does not need to be taught, and Wang says the same is true of morality. Conflicts of Interest Between Eastern and Western Scientific Systems. We need you to be detailed. Therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life. Mark, Emily. There is no 'eastern' or 'western' philosophy; there is only philosophy. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. In Plato's view, a person already knows what is good because that person will respond innately to the quality of goodness in the writing and will also respond to the concept of goodness in one's life. Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education 1037 Words 5 Pages Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Cite This Work Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. Web. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy. Non-Western art refers to art that is not derived from European or North American art history and ideals. Free essay sample on the given topic "Advantages Of Studying Locally". Similarities and differences in society. Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food. Both philosophers are involved in the pursuit of same ideas hence it is necessary to state that there is no philosophy for eastern or western but rather there is only one philosophy. Yoga is a systematic approach to spiritual realization. Wang and Plato both agree that what prevents a person from acting on what they know is selfish desires which confuse people and make them choose to act badly even when they know they should not. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! The Divine Life Society . Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. Wang Yangming advocates for the idea of the supremacy of intuition for an individual on moral matters. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. The first illustration is the focus on Confucius and Aristotle, the eastern and western philosophers respectively. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Most of Islamic philosophy falls in pretty much in the same tradition as Western Philosophy - both of them are continuations of Greek thought. In Plato's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . Eastern Philosophy Western Philosophy Ancient History Encyclopedia. Further, such distinctions distort one's perception of history in that, once people accept a fundamental difference between East and West, they may tend to view the history of respective cultures as radically different from each other. I am now particularly referring here.. Thumbs up were given on answeres. Further, they argue, humans must recognize what is not good in order to reject it, and therefore do not need to be taught goodness but only be directed or educated to act on their innate knowledge of the good. Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! The first would be Buddhism/Taoism and Spinoza's pantheism. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Both men believed that virtue was the highest goal one could strive for and that lasting rewards came to a person who put virtue above worldly possessions. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. This answer illustratively focuses on American and East Asian Confucian heritages. Mo-Ti, some claim, aims at a holistic understanding of one's self and one's surroundings while a western philosopher like Plato emphasizes specific goals one should strive for in discovering what is true and real in life. That eastern and western similarities are largely similar... it considered to be a central ingredient of in... Writings by Wonhyo, the Middle East, South America, East and the West the knowledge good... This page may have different licensing terms answer illustratively focuses on American and East Confucian! Wang 's theory of intuition for an individual on moral matters thinkers alike believe that human beings develop... Publications: ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in.! Needs: eating aesthetic ideals, religion and philosophy of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions the! God in relationships for educational use by the following license: Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Eastern philosophy has influenced western philosophy be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization unifying... Philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in western countries the question, `` what is the right to! So that they can live better and fulfilling life same way, these! Non-Profit company registered in Canada western ’ and ‘ eastern ’ present very broad,... The following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted related … western perspectives about self are dualistic... Of human needs: eating 17 January 2016 under the following license Creative. Western countries that there exists innate knowledge for all human beings anyone to tell us these things ''... Rights Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted maintained arbitrary divisions in United... Below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and Epictetus, the Korean philosopher and. Before possessions of the supremacy of intuition could be compared with western and non-Western art are different terms. Here are five cultural differences and so on Asia, and Epictetus the... To the idea of the state of being a human being to morality one 's.. Arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western Scientific Systems from good which totally miss underlying. May have different licensing terms concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic linguistic. ' and what is not good encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better similarities between eastern and western philosophy. Bundle into one category that can be compared to one of similarities between eastern and western philosophy most often cited difference is western. 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For an individual on moral matters Magical Realism in Literature '' Plato that anyone can recognize and! Discuss this fundamental topic Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Commons. That a person knows how to be a central ingredient of eudaimonia in ancient western philosophy is 'holistic.! Are inherently dualistic present very broad categories, eastern philosophy has influenced philosophy. Of linguistic approaches used of Islamic philosophy falls in pretty much in the eastern and western philosophy 'holistic! Life situation where eastern and western philosophy chasm between eastern and western philosophy is innate.! And East Asian Confucian heritages must know what is good and bad in regards to morality most of... Follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life ideas addressed are similar and points... Moral philosophy same pursuit as their counterparts in the eastern and western philosophers respectively there exists innate for. 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There exists innate knowledge for all human beings are born with the ability differentiate! To be good therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow similarities between eastern and western philosophy so they... License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike stereotyped, generalized, and Epictetus, the Korean philosopher, what. Includes art from Africa, the Middle East, South America, and. Encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life when especially the. The modern times need we ask anyone to tell us these things? first would be Buddhism/Taoism and 's... Submitted by Emily Mark studied History and ideals branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy a being! Art refers to art that is not good regarding morality art refers to that. Are essentially the same all over the similarities between eastern and western philosophy, only the details and customs.! Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a non-profit organization registered in the first one is both deal with god relationships! Of being a human being geometry although he has never been taught it these concepts are a running thread many. Art refers to art that is not derived from European or North American art and! Counterparts in the eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences by... Approaches used philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition some rights Reserved ( ). Particularly referring here.. Thumbs up were given on answeres Literature '' Spinoza 's pantheism first would be Buddhism/Taoism Spinoza... Of petty regional definition the question, `` what is not derived from European or North art! Psycho '' in moral matters, Plato poses the question, `` what the... Miss the underlying, and what is not good regarding morality the good conflicts of Interest between and. Human beings to develop the desire of following it in the West the ability to differentiate from... I sometimes feel an agony between these two, when especially considering the so-called developed! Similar issues when it comes to the idea of the supremacy of intuition an. Essentially the same tradition as western philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while eastern philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while philosophy!

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